Captain Kangaroo is an American children's television series which aired weekday
mornings on the American television network CBS for nearly 30 years, from October
3, 1955 until December 8, 1984, making it the longest-running nationally broadcast
children's television program of its day. In 1986, the American Program Service
(now American Public Television, Boston) integrated some newly produced segments
into reruns of past episodes, distributing the newer version of the series until 1993.
The show was conceived and the title character played by Bob Keeshan, who based
the show on "the warm relationship between grandparents and children." Keeshan had
portrayed the original Clarabell the Clown on The Howdy Doody Show when it aired
on NBC. Captain Kangaroo had a loose structure, built around life in the "Treasure
House" where the Captain (the name "kangaroo" came from the big pockets in his coat)
would tell stories, meet guests, and indulge in silly stunts with regular characters, both
humans and puppets.
The show was telecast live to the East Coast and the Midwest for its first four years
and broadcast on kinescope for the West Coast, as Keeshan would not perform the
show live three times a day, and was in black-and-white until 1966. The May 17, 1971
episode saw two major changes on the show: The Treasure House was renovated and
renamed "The Captain's Place" and the Captain replaced his navy blue coat with a red
coat. In September 1981, CBS shortened the hour-long show to a half-hour, briefly
retitled it Wake Up with the Captain, and moved it to an earlier time slot; it was later
moved to weekends in September 1982, and returned to an hour-long format. It was
canceled by CBS at the end of 1984.
In the early years of the series, Keeshan wore make-up in order to look suitably old for
the character, but the show ran for so long that by the end, he was wearing make-up to
look younger.

Bob Keeshan as Captain Kangaroo and The Town Clown
Hugh "Lumpy" Brannum as Mr. Green Jeans, the New Old Folk Singer, Percy, Uncle
Backwards, Mr. McGregor, and Mr. Bainter the Painter
Cosmo Allegretti as Mr. Bunny Rabbit and Mr. Moose (both of which he also
created), Dennis the Apprentice, Miss Frog, Mr. Whispers, Dancing Bear, Grandfather
Clock, Uncle Ralph. He was the voice of Aniforms puppet TV Fred (a live-action
on-screen puppet that appeared behind the blackboard in the Treasure House),[4] and
was the artist behind the Magic Drawing Board.

From left: Dancing Bear, Bunny Rabbit, Captain Kangaroo, Grandfather Clock, Mister
Moose, and Mister Green Jeans.
Sam Levine as The Banana Man; the character was created by Adolph Proper
Bill Cosby as himself, the host of the Picture Pages segment (1980–1984)
Debbie Weems as Debbie (1973–1977); she also provided the voice for the puppet
character Baby Duck
James Wall as Mr. Baxter (1968–1978)
Carolyn Mignini as Kathy and other female roles (1981–1993)
John Burstein as Slim Goodbody (1976–1980)
Bill McCutcheon as Mr. Homan (1965–1966)
Dr. Joyce Brothers as herself for three seasons

Special guests
Among the special guests who made periodic appearances were:
Shari Lewis and Lamb Chop
Mister Rogers, who appeared in a 1975 episode, where he and the Captain try to
restore an old gramophone
Joan Rivers
Imogene Coca
Phyllis Diller
Charlotte Rae
Ruth Buzzi
Minnie Pearl
Roberta Peters
Phil Donahue
Marlo Thomas
Theodore Bikel
Bill Cullen
Pearl Bailey
Dolly Parton
John Denver
Penny Marshall
Cindy Williams
Lorne Greene
Bonnie Franklin
Andy Griffith
Smothers Brothers
Rita Moreno
Arte Johnson
Fannie Flagg
Gale Gordon
Lucie Arnaz
Ken Berry
Mike Farrell
Dick Shawn
John Ritter
Eli Wallach
Anne Jackson
Jerry Stiller
Anne Meara
Jack Gilford
Paul Sorvino
Hal Linden
Mary Kay Place
Walter Slezak
Carol Channing
Alan Arkin
Adam Arkin
Billy Taylor
Sandy Dennis
Andy Williams
Fran Allison
Rosey Grier
Bruce Jenner
Walt Frazier

A cartoon starring a funnel-capped shape-shifting boy named Tom Terrific was part of
the show in the 1950s and 1960s. Tom had a sidekick named Mighty Manfred the
Wonder Dog, and a nemesis, Crabby Appleton. Other cartoons included Lariat Sam,
which was developed by veteran game show announcer Gene Wood, then a show
staffer (who also sang the cartoon's theme song).
The Canadian-British cartoon Simon in the Land of Chalk Drawings appeared in the
1970s, featuring a child with magic chalk who could create all sorts of short-lived
creations in short adventures (the original version featured a British narrator, but
Keeshan's voice was dubbed onto the cartoons for their US airing).
The UK-produced cartoon Ludwig, about a magical egg-shaped robot, was also
included about that time. The cartoon's musical score consisted of selections from the
works of Beethoven.
Also appearing in the 1970s was The Most Important Person, a short series of
five-minute segments on the importance of life; and The Kingdom of Could Be You, a
short series of five-minute segments on the importance of careers and the work world.
There was also a cartoon series called The Toothbrush Family. Based on an extended
family of hygiene utensils as the name suggests, they would embark on adventures
based in the bathroom, like water skiing in the tub, or rescuing friends caught in the
drain. Episodes were generally a couple of minutes each.
A silent cartoon in the 1970s named Crystal Tipps featured the adventures of a young
girl. Later reruns were narrated by the voice of Mr. Moose. Another British favorite,
The Wombles was also featured.
The Red & Blue shorts from Italy were also shown.
The Undersea Adventures of Captain Nemo, featuring a family of sea explorers, was
featured as well.
Re-runs of the CB Bears and Undercover Elephant, as well as Motormouse and
Autocat (of the Cattanooga Cats) were shown in the 1980s Saturday Morning run.

"Good Morning Captain!"
Beginning in 1974 and continuing through the decade, the show would open with
different people wishing the Captain "good morning." Many of the openings featured
non-celebrities, but some featured stars from TV shows, most of which broadcast over
CBS, such as The Bob Newhart Show and One Day at a Time, as well as other
characters with a connection to the network, including William Shatner and Leonard
Nimoy, dressed as Captain Kirk and Mr. Spock; characters from the Peanuts
cartoons; and Fred Rogers from Mister Rogers' Neighborhood. The montage of 'good
mornings' would always end with the Captain himself returning the greeting before the
opening credits ran.

Other regular features included The Magic Drawing Board and the Captain's "Reading
Stories" sessions, which introduced kids to stories such as Curious George, Make Way
for Ducklings, Stone Soup, and Mike Mulligan and His Steam Shovel. The Sweet
Pickles books were also featured.

Puppeteer Cosmo Allegretti (left) with actor Dick Shawn, 1977. Allegretti played many
roles on the program.
Songs included Little Mary Make Believe, Guess Who I Am, Little Black Frog,
There's a Hole in the Bottom of the Sea, Erie Canal, Horse in Striped Pajamas, The
Littlest Snowman, Daniel the Cocker Spaniel, and many more. On the first show of
every month the Captain would have a birthday cake for all of the children with
birthdays that month.
Keeshan also had a recurring role as "The Town Clown", a pantomime piece that took
place in and around the exposed wagon home of a tramp-like circus clown. Like the
character of Clarabelle that he played on Howdy Doody, the Town Clown never
Favorites on the show were Grandfather Clock (voiced by Cosmo Allegretti), Rollo the
Hippo and Dancing Bear.
Dancing Bear was mute and only appeared in short subject features. He often danced
waltzes to background music.
One of the show's long-running gags was the "Ping Pong Ball Drop", instigated by the
telling of a joke (usually a Knock-Knock joke) by Mr. Moose in which the punchline
would include the words "ping pong balls". At the mention of those three words, a
shower of ping pong balls would be released from above on the Captain.
The show would very often have simple black light theatre segments utilizing paper or
cardboard cutouts. A notable recording of a popular song, such as Judy Garland's
Decca recording of Over the Rainbow (from The Wizard of Oz), Mary Martin singing
Never Never Land (from the original cast recording of the musical Peter Pan), or
Danny Kaye singing Inchworm (from the Decca recording of the songs from Hans
Christian Andersen) would be heard while the cutouts played on the screen, animated
by a concealed puppeteer. On other occasions, full-fledged hand puppets would
"perform" to the song being played (as in the case when a hand puppet dressed in
Spanish clothing performed to a recording of tenor Allan Jones singing The Donkey
Familiar props included a mockup of a talking cathedral-style radio that Keeshan
simply called "Radio". Keeshan would turn the large knobs on "Radio" to get a
conversation going. Reminiscent of the old Atwater Kent cathedrals, "Radio" had a
rather interesting conversation with a smaller transistor radio in one show. Also featured
was a huge Colgate toothpaste box with a large windup or clockwork key on the side.
Keeshan turned the key to play a jingle ("Colgate Fluoride M-F-P/Helps Prevent the
Cavity/And it Tastes Great, Naturally!") for the show's sponsor, Colgate Toothpaste.

The original theme song to Captain Kangaroo (titled "Puffin' Billy") was used from
1955 to 1974. It was an instrumental, written by Edward G. White. The track was
from a British stock music production library known as the Chappell Recorded Music
Library which was sold through a New York agency called Emil Ascher. The tune's
original title referred to a British steam locomotive. This tune was used on other
programs on both sides of the Atlantic. For example, two years before Captain
Kangaroo, it served as the wrap-up music for an episode of the radio program Rocky
Fortune called "Murder Among the Statues". In its native United Kingdom, it became
famous as the theme to the weekly BBC radio program Children's Favourites from
1952 to 1966, and is still widely recognised by the post-war generation. It was later
used in the Enid Blyton parody Five Go Mad in Dorset and in a number of British TV
adverts, including a Captain Sensible spot. The "Puffin' Billy" theme played as the
opening of each episode, with the music continuing until the Captain hung his large ring
of keys on a nail (which seemed to act as a switch to turn off the music). If the
Captain's keys ever slipped off the nail, the music would begin playing again.
In 1957, lyricist Mary Rogers penned lyrics to the tune, creating a newly titled Captain
Kangaroo song.
In 1974, a new theme song titled "Good Morning, Captain" was composed for Captain
Kangaroo, written by Robert L. Brush. As the new theme used similar melodic
elements from the original theme, Edward G. White's name was added to the song
credits. However, due to copyright issues, the song was later re-recorded without the
portion of "Puffin' Billy" featured in the first version.
During the brief Wake Up With the Captain era, a theme titled "Wake Up" was used.
For the show's final two seasons and the later PBS run, Schoolhouse Rock mainstay
Lynn Ahrens (who composed and performed a few Captain Kangaroo songs herself)
wrote a new theme, entitled "Here Comes Captain Kangaroo".
The theme song for All New Captain Kangaroo used the opening notes and part of the
melody of the original theme as its introduction.

While Captain Kangaroo was still in planning stages, CBS executives had the idea of
hiring Al Lewis, a kids' show host in Cincinnati (ABC was running Lewis's show at that
time), to host their show, but Lewis's managers refused to release him from his
contract. Lewis's local kids show went off the air in Cincinnati a year after Captain
Kangaroo left CBS.

Keeshan and Bunny Rabbit promote an auto seat belt campaign, 1970.

For the first three months, Captain Kangaroo was only seen on weekday mornings.
From then until 1968, the show was also seen on Saturday mornings, except in the
1964-1965 season, when it was replaced by a Keeshan vehicle called Mr. Mayor.
After 1968, the show was again seen only on weekdays. Except for pre-emption for
news coverage, notably the three-day continuous coverage of the assassination of John
F. Kennedy in 1963, and a few shows that were 45 minutes, the show aired a full 60
minutes on weekday mornings until 1981. It was broadcast in color from September 9,
1966 onward. The time slot for the show was from 8:00 A.M. to 9:00 A.M., E.S.T.,
after which the networks would allow some affiliate stations to air local programming.
The audience of children could never compete in the ratings with such
entertainment/news shows as The Today Show, although Captain Kangaroo won
Emmy Awards three times as Outstanding Children's entertainment series in
1978–1979, 1982–1983 and 1983–1984. But in the fall of 1981, to make more room
for the expansion of CBS Morning News, the Captain was moved to an earlier time
slot of 7 a.m. and cut to 30 minutes, sporting the new title Wake Up with the Captain.
In the fall of 1982, it returned to an hour format, but was moved to Saturday mornings
at 7 a.m. Eastern Time and 6 a.m. in other time zones. Reruns from the previous season
were offered to CBS affiliates to run Sunday morning in place of the cartoon reruns
offered before, but most declined. One-third of affiliates no longer ran the show at all
after 1982, and it was again reduced to a half-hour in the fall of 1984. Angered over
the reduction of his program for the second time, Keeshan chose to step down at the
end of 1984, after his contract with CBS expired.
Just over a year later, in 1986, Captain Kangaroo returned in reruns on PBS television
stations, with funding from public television stations, School Zone Publishing Company
and from the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation. American Public
Television, then known as the "Interregional Program Service", distributed the show,
along with Britder Associates (Keeshan's production company), and the Riehl
Company, owned by former WPBT station manager Dale Riehl.
The show was on the air for 29 years, making it one of the longest-running network
children's program series. Sesame Street, insulated from the Nielsen ratings wars, holds
the record at over 40 years, and still airs. Several of the original Sesame Street writers
and producers were hired from the Captain Kangaroo staff to help produce and direct
the new program when it went on the air in 1969.
The original director of the program was Peter Birch, who helmed the program for its
first 25 years. Producer Jim Hirschfeld took over as director following Birch's heart
attack in 1980 and continued directing, as well as producing throughout the rest of the
show's run, including the new segments inserted into the PBS reruns, until it went off the
air in 1993.
The cast of Captain Kangaroo also hosted the CBS coverage of the Macy's
Thanksgiving Day Parade for several years in the 1960s.

From the late 1950s, the Schwinn Bicycle Company made use of children's television
programming to expand its dominance of the child and youth bicycle markets. The
company was an early sponsor (from 1958) of Captain Kangaroo. The Captain himself
was enlisted to sell Schwinn-brand bicycles to the show's audience, typically six years
old and under. At the end of each live Schwinn marketing promotion, Bob Keeshan
would intone, "Prices slightly higher in the South and in the West". The on-air marketing
program was deemed successful by Schwinn, and the company increased its market
share of child and youth bicycles throughout the 1960s.
The marketing program continued through the 1971 season, when the Federal Trade
Commission's Staff Report, Guidelines on Advertising to Children, recommended
against Schwinn's on-air marketing practices using the show's host. In response,
Schwinn and the show's writers altered the format in 1972. The Captain no longer
insisted that his viewers purchase a Schwinn, but instead made regular on-air
consultations of a new character, Mr. Schwinn Dealer.[7] A 1973 internal company
news article concluded that the show's child audience had difficulty separating
Schwinn's sales pitch from that of the show.

Rock musician Frank Zappa wrote a composition named "Mr. Green Genes" on his
album Uncle Meat and a sequel, "Son of Mr. Green Genes" on his album Hot Rats.
This led to the urban legend that Zappa was the son of Hugh Brannum, who played Mr.
Green Jeans, a myth Zappa officially dispelled in his 1989 autobiography, The Real
Frank Zappa Book, as did Keeshan in his 1996 autobiography, Good Morning,

Many popular songs make reference to Captain Kangaroo, including the Statler
Brothers' 1965 hit song "Flowers on the Wall", the "Weird Al" Yankovic song "The
Brady Bunch", the Bloodhound Gang's "Your Only Friends Are Make Believe".

In 1997–1998, a sequel revival series tentatively titled The All New Captain Kangaroo
was attempted by Saban Entertainment. John McDonough played the Captain on this
version, which was shot in Tampa, Florida. Keeshan was invited to appear as a special
guest called "The Admiral," but after seeing sample episodes, he declined to appear or
have any association with the new incarnation.[citation needed] It ran for one season
and inspired a spin-off show, Mister Moose's Fun Time.
In 2011, the trademark for "Captain Kangaroo" was acquired by The Cashin Comedy
Co. In a blog, the Captain is portrayed by Pat Cashin.

^ "Classic TV Shows - Captain Kangaroo, Tom Terrific and Mighty Manfred the
Wonder Dog". December 8, 1984. Retrieved November 12, 2012.
Jump up ^ "Bob Keeshan". Encyclopædia Britannica Online. Retrieved January 2,
Jump up ^ "Keeshan, Robert James."The Scribner Encyclopedia of American Lives.
Ed. Arnold Markoe, Karen Markoe, and Kenneth T. Jackson. Vol. 7: 2003–2005.
Detroit: Charles Scribner's Sons, 2007. Retrieved January 2, 2010.
Jump up ^ "Toon Tracker's Fred From Channel One Page".
Retrieved November 12, 2012.
Jump up ^ "The Banana Man". November 24, 2003. Retrieved
November 12, 2012.
Jump up ^ Bruce "Charlie Johnson. "Bruce Johnson: Charlie The Juggling Clown". Retrieved November 12, 2012.
^ Jump up to: a b c Petty, Ross D. "Pedaling Schwinn Bicycles: Lessons from the
Leading Post-World War II U.S. Bicycle Brand". Babson College, MA (2007), p. 6.
Retrieved November 12, 2012.
Jump up ^ Petty, Ross D., Pedaling Schwinn Bicycles, pp. 5–7
Jump up ^ "Was Mr. Greenjeans Frank Zappa's father?". The Straight Dope.
November 11, 1985. Retrieved November 12, 2012.
Jump up ^ "The New Captain Kangaroo!". May 21, 2011. Retrieved
November 12, 2012.
Jump up ^ "Captain Kangaroo". Retrieved
November 12, 2012.

Robert James "Bob" Keeshan (June 27, 1927 – January 23, 2004) was an American
television producer and actor. He is most notable as the title character of the children's
television program Captain Kangaroo, which became an icon for millions of people
during its 30-year run from 1955 to 1984.
Keeshan also played the original "Clarabell the Clown" on the Howdy Doody television

Keeshan was born in Lynbrook, New York. After an early graduation from Forest
Hills High School in Queens, NY in 1945, during World War II, he enlisted in the
United States Marine Corps Reserve, but was still in the United States when Japan
surrendered. He attended Fordham University on the GI Bill.

Network television programs began shortly after the end of the war. Howdy Doody, an
early show which premiered in 1947 on NBC, was one of the first. Debuting on
January 3, 1948,[1] Keeshan played "Clarabell the Clown", a silent Auguste clown
who communicated by honking several horns attached to a belt around his waist. One
horn meant "yes"; another meant "no". Clarabell often sprayed Buffalo Bob Smith with
a seltzer bottle and played practical jokes. Keeshan gave up the role in 1952, and was
By September 21, 1953, Keeshan was back on the air on WABC-TV (New York
City), in a new children’s show, Time for Fun. He played Corny the Clown, and this
time he spoke.[2] Later that same year, in addition to Time for Fun, Keeshan began
Tinker's Workshop, a program aimed at preschoolers, with him playing the
grandfather-like Tinker.[3][4]
Developing ideas from Tinker's Workshop, Keeshan and his long-time friend Jack
Miller submitted the concept of Captain Kangaroo to the CBS network, which was
looking for innovative approaches to children's television programming. CBS approved
the show, and Keeshan starred as the title character when it premiered on CBS on
October 3, 1955.[2] Keeshan described his character as based on "the warm
relationship between grandparents and children." The show was an immediate success,
and he served as its host for nearly three decades.

From left: Dancing Bear, Bunny Rabbit, Captain Kangaroo, Grandfather Clock, Mister
Moose, and Mister Green Jeans.

Recurring characters included his sidekick (and fan favorite) Mr. Green Jeans (played
by Hugh "Lumpy" Brannum) and puppets such as "Bunny Rabbit" and "Mr. Moose".
The New York Times commented: "Captain Kangaroo, a round-faced, pleasant,
mustachioed man possessed of an unshakable calm ... was one of the most enduring
characters television ever produced."[1]
Keeshan also had a Saturday morning show called Mister Mayor during the 1964–65
season. Keeshan, in his role as the central character in both Captain Kangaroo and
Mister Mayor, heavily promoted the products of the Schwinn Bicycle Co., a sponsor,
directly on-air to his audience.[5] By 1972, Keeshan had introduced another character
on Captain Kangaroo to recommend Schwinn products, Mr. Schwinn Dealer,[6] due
to the Federal Trade Commission ruling against children's show hosts directly endorsing
their sponsor's products during their programs after 1969.

Keeshan suffered a severe heart attack on July 13, 1981,[7] which pushed the start of
a revamped version of his show back to at least mid-August. Keeshan suffered the
heart attack just moments after stepping off a plane at Toronto International Airport.
He had come to the city to accept a children's service award.
Keeshan underwent triple-bypass surgery and received an estimated 5,000 get-well
wishes from fans.[8]
Following the heart attack, Keeshan received three Emmy awards for Outstanding
Performer in 1982, 1983, and 1984.[9] Despite these accolades, Keeshan's show was
shortened from its hour-long format to a half hour in 1981, to make room for the
expansion of the CBS Morning News lineup. The program was retitled Wake Up with
the Captain, and was moved to a new 7 AM time slot. At the start of 1982, the show
was rescheduled to an even earlier slot of 6:30 AM. In the fall of 1982, CBS installed it
as a weekend-only hour offering, and two years later, in the fall of 1984, the show
became a Saturday half-hour entry.
Tired of CBS's constant reductions of his show, Keeshan left Captain Kangaroo when
his contract with the network ended in December 1984, just nine months shy of the
show's 30th anniversary. By 1987, repeats of the show were airing daily on many PBS
Keeshan's show was given a farewell of sorts with Captain Kangaroo and Friends, a
prime-time network TV special that aired in 1985.

After Captain Kangaroo ended, Keeshan hosted 1985's CBS Storybreak, which
featured animated versions of children's literature. Keeshan appeared in framing
sequences for the animated stories, showcasing the book versions and suggesting
similar books for the viewers to seek out. In 1987, Keeshan founded Corporate Family
Solutions with former Tennessee Republican Governor Lamar Alexander. The
company provided day-care programs to businesses.
Keeshan lived on Melbury Road in Babylon Village, Long Island, New York before
moving to spend the last 14 years of his life in Norwich, Vermont,[10] where he
became a children's advocate as well as an author. His memoirs, entitled Good
Morning, Captain, were published in 1995 by Fairview Press. He was a strong
advocate against video game violence and took part in congressional hearings in 1993.
In addition, he joined with parents groups in the 1980s who protested children's TV
shows based on then present toys on the market, like He-Man and Transformers; he
felt that toys turned into TV shows did not teach children anything about the real world.
He also made a rare film appearance in The Stupids in 1996.
Keeshan was an adopted member of the Dartmouth College Class of 1942, receiving
an honorary doctorate from the College in 1975. Le Moyne College, a Jesuit liberal
arts college in Syracuse, New York, awarded him a Doctor of Humane Letters,
honoris causa, in 1983. He was awarded an honorary doctorate by the College of
New Rochelle in 1985, after having served for several years on its board of trustees. In
1997 he received an honorary doctorate from Middlebury College, which was
attended by his grandson Britton Keeshan, for his work in children's literacy.
In the 1990s, Keeshan expressed an interest in bringing back a new version of Captain
Kangaroo to television as a gentler and kinder answer to the violent cartoons on
children's television. Despite having sponsors and television stations lined up, Keeshan
was unable to obtain permission to go ahead from ICM, the company which owned the
rights to Captain Kangaroo.

Keeshan died in Windsor, Vermont, on January 23, 2004 at age 76. He was survived
by three children, Michael Derek, Laurie Margaret, and Maeve Jeanne. His wife of 45
years, Anne Jeanne Laurie Keeshan, died February 25, 1996.[12] Keeshan's
grandson, Britton Keeshan, became the youngest person at that time to have climbed
the Seven Summits by climbing Mount Everest in May 2004. He carried photographs
of his grandfather on that ascent, and buried a photo of the two of them at the summit.
Keeshan was buried in Saint Joseph's Cemetery in Babylon, New York.

Keeshan received many awards, including:
Honorary Doctorate of Humane Letters from Alfred University, 1969[14]
Five Emmy Awards (1978, 1981–1984)
Three Peabody Awards (1958, 1972, 1979)
National Education Award, 1982
Induction into the clown hall of fame, 1990
American Medical Association Distinguished Service Award, 1991
Induction into the National Association of Broadcasters Hall of Fame, 1998

An urban legend claims that actor Lee Marvin said on The Tonight Show that he had
fought alongside Keeshan at the Battle of Iwo Jima in February–March, 1945.
However, Marvin not only never said this, but had not served on Iwo Jima (having
been hospitalized from June 1944 until October 1945, from wounds received in the
Battle of Saipan),[15] and Keeshan himself never saw combat, having enlisted too late
to serve overseas.
^ Jump up to: a b Severo, Richard (January 24, 2004). "Bob Keeshan, Creator and
Star of TV's 'Captain Kangaroo,' Is Dead at 76". The New York Times. Retrieved
April 26, 2010.
^ Jump up to: a b Keeshan, Bob
Jump up ^ Bob Keeshan; Captain Kangaroo, the first Clarabell the Clown.
Jump up ^ Info on Mr.Keeshan's involvement with"Time For Fun"and "Tinker's
Workshop" can be found in "The NYC Kids Shows Round Up"section of the "TV
Party" website at
Jump up ^ Petty, Ross D., Pedaling Schwinn Bicycles: Lessons from the Leading
Post-World War II U.S. Bicycle Brand, Babson College, MA (2007) Article
Jump up ^ Petty, Ross D., Pedaling Schwinn Bicycles, p. 6.
Jump up ^
Jump up ^
Jump up ^
Jump up ^ Bruni, Frank (February 9, 1997). "Are They Dead Yet? Well, Yes and
No.". New York Times. Retrieved 2011-12-24.
Jump up ^
Jump up ^ "Bob Keeshan, Creator and Star of TV's 'Captain Kangaroo,' Is Dead at
76". The New York Times. January 24, 2004. Retrieved November 18, 2010.
Jump up ^ Ruibal, Sal (June 2, 2004). "Keeshan spans globe to honor famous
'Kangaroo'". USA Today. Retrieved 2007-09-20.
Jump up ^ "Alfred University, Honorary Degrees, 1960-1969".
Jump up ^ Zec, Donald. Marvin: The Story of Lee Marvin. New York: St. Martin's
Press, 1980, ISBN 0-312-51780-7, p. 217.
Jump up ^ Urban Legends Reference Pages: Captain Kangaroo and Lee Marvin



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